Tareekh-e-Tabari, also known as “The History of Tabari,” is a monumental work that has left an indelible mark on the field of Islamic historiography. Compiled by the renowned Persian historian Tabari, it offers a comprehensive account of world history from the creation of the universe up until the early Islamic period. Tareekh-e-Tabari not only provides valuable insights into the political, social, and cultural dynamics of its time but also serves as a window into the historical context and understanding of events that shaped the Islamic world. TAREEKH_E_TABARI




Historical Context

Abu Ja’far Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari, commonly known as Tabari, was born in 839 CE in Tabaristan, Iran. He was an influential Persian scholar and polymath who made significant contributions to various fields of knowledge, including history, theology, law, and linguistics. His magnum opus, Tareekh-e-Tabari, stands as a testament to his remarkable intellect and scholarship. TAREEKH_E_TABARI


Scope and Structure

Tareekh-e-Tabari spans across 40 volumes and covers an extensive range of historical periods, beginning from the creation of the universe according to Islamic tradition and continuing until the year 915 CE. The work comprises detailed narratives of various events, including the lives of prophets, the rise and fall of empires, and the unfolding of Islamic civilization.


Tabari’s meticulous approach to historical documentation is evident throughout the text. He draws upon a wide array of sources, including oral traditions, eyewitness accounts, earlier historical works, and the Quran itself. This multi-faceted approach allows him to present a comprehensive and well-rounded narrative, shedding light on both major events and lesser-known aspects of history.


Contributions to Islamic Historiography

Tareekh-e-Tabari has had a profound impact on the field of Islamic historiography. Tabari’s emphasis on the critical examination of sources and the inclusion of multiple perspectives set a precedent for future historians. His work laid the foundation for the development of historical methodology in the Islamic world, influencing subsequent generations of scholars.


One of the notable aspects of Tareekh-e-Tabari is its comprehensive coverage of pre-Islamic Arabian history. Tabari provides detailed accounts of the pre-Islamic period, including the tribal dynamics, cultural practices, and political landscape. This information is invaluable for understanding the context in which Islam emerged and the challenges faced by the early Muslim community.

Moreover, Tareekh-e-Tabari serves as a valuable primary source for historians studying the events surrounding the rise of Islam. Tabari’s work offers critical insights into the early caliphates, the succession of caliphs, and the conflicts that shaped the Islamic world during that era. It provides a detailed chronicle of the major battles, conquests. And political developments that had a lasting impact on the region.

Legacy and Significance

Tareekh-e-Tabari continues to be a widely studied and referenced work in the field of Islamic studies. Its comprehensive coverage, meticulous research. And balanced approach to historical analysis make it an invaluable resource for scholars, researchers, and students alike. The work’s enduring significance lies in its ability to offer a comprehensive understanding of the historical context. And providing a solid foundation for further academic exploration.



Tareekh-e-Tabari stands as a monumental contribution to the field of Islamic historiography. Tabari’s meticulous research, comprehensive coverage. And critical examination of sources have made this work an essential reference for those seeking to delve into the history of the Islamic world.


Author: knowled5

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *